Physician Specialty Definitions

Physician Specialty Definitions

Physician Specialty Definitions

Audiology – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of hearing, balance and related disorders.  It includes identifying and diagnosing auditory (hearing) loss, evaluating vestibular (balance) systems, providing therapies to the hearing impaired, implementing amplification devices to the hearing impaired and preventing noise-induced hearing loss through intervention.

Behavioral Health  – The practice of counseling patients to effect changes in
behavior. Behavioral counselors help clients change their thinking
processes and improve the way they react to specific problem situations.

Cardiology  – The medical specialty which involves the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, conditions, or defects of the heart and circulatory system.  Cardiology, or cardiovascular medicine, is a rapidly growing field, as technological and pharmaceutical advancements continue to be developed by scientists and researchers.

Cardiovascular Testing  – Tests related to the heart and blood vessels that include ultrasound imaging, electrocardiograms (ECG or EKG), echocardiograms and nuclear cardiac imaging.

Dentistry – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, disorders, injuries, and malformations of the teeth, gums and supportive structures of the mouth.

Dermatology  – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin, hair, nails and mouth.

Dermatologic Surgery  – The surgical treatment of the skin. Some specially
trained surgeons perform Mohs cancer surgery, which can be an effective
method for the treatment of recurrent, indistinct, or difficult skin

Diabetes Management  – A programmatic approach to help those with diabetes control their disease and improve quality of life through medication management, insulin administration, glucose monitoring, meal planning, weight management, exercise planning, education and training, and other services.

Endocrinology and Diabetes  – The treatment of the glands, hormones and related disorders, including diabetes and disorders of the pancreas, pituitary gland, ovaries, testes, thyroid and adrenal glands.

Family Medicine – The evaluation of and the continuing and comprehensive medical care for patients ranging in ages from infants to the elderly, and includes general pediatric, geriatric, obstetric and gynecological treatment and care.

Gastroenterology – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the digestive system, which includes the upper gastrointestinal tract (the mouth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, diaphragm, stomach, gall bladder, pancreas, and liver) and the lower gastrointestinal tract (the intestines and anus).

Infectious Disease – The diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Infectious diseases specialists have extensive training in all kinds of infections, including those caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.

Internal Medicine – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of a variety of disorders and diseases, with a focus on long-term comprehensive care of adults.  There are several subspecialties of Internal Medicine and include: allergy and immunology, cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, hematology, infectious disease, nephrology, oncology, pulmonology and rheumatology.

Laboratory  – A medical lab for the purpose of analyzing blood, urine, stool or body tissues and reporting results to the doctors who order lab tests. The test results reveal if bodily elements fall within or out of normal ranges, which help provide guidance for proper treatments.

Nephrology – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases affecting the structure and function of the kidneys.

Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases of the female reproductive and urinary systems as well as the comprehensive medical care of women and the fetus/infant during pregnancy and delivery.

Ophthalmology – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases associated with the eye such as glaucoma, retinal detachment, cataracts and macular degeneration.

Optical Shop – A shop that provides vision testing and eyeglasses, contact lenses and medications to correct vision problems.

Orthopedics – The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles, joints, and ligaments.

Otolaryngology – A division of medical science that focuses on the ears, nose and throat (ENT).  Otolaryngologists diagnose and treat disorders from the shoulders up, with the exception of the eyes and brain.  Conditions they may deal with include hearing loss, tonsillitis and nasal obstructions.

Pathology – The microscopic analysis of tissue samples and bodily fluids and secretions used to determine the causes, nature, diagnosis and optimal treatment of diseases and disorders.

Pediatrics – Evaluation of and comprehensive medical treatment for infants, children, adolescents and young adults.

Pharmacy  – A resource that stocks and dispenses prescription medications and over-the counter medications to treat a variety of medical conditions.

Physical Rehabilitation  – A service devoted to restoring optimal body function to people with injuries or conditions related to the muscles, bones, ligaments or nervous system.

Podiatry – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases of the feet.  Those practicing podiatry are Doctors of Podiatry (DPM).

Pulmonology – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases of the lungs and respiratory system such as pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, bronchitis and COPD.

Radiology Imaging – A service that uses non-invasive imaging equipment to see inside the body for diagnostic purposes. The technologies that are used to help detect diseases and conditions include x-ray, ultrasound, CT, mammography, dexa and PET/CT.

Rheumatology – The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders affecting joints, muscles, connective tissues and soft tissues around the bones and tendons such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, septic arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, gout and vasculitis.


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